There are three Grand Cru vineyards located in the northern part of Chassagne-Montrachet, bordering on Puligny-Montrachet. Montrachet and Bâtard-Montrachet cross the communal border and are shared with Puligny-Montrachet, totalling respectively 7.99 hectares (19.7 acres) and 11.24 hectares (27.8 acres) of vineyards in 2008. Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet, 1.57 hectares (3.9 acres), is located entirely within Chassagne-Montrachet.

There are 48 climats in Chassagne-Montrachet classified as Premier Cru vineyards, located both to the south of the village, in the Santenay direction, and to the north, in the Puligny-Montrachet direction. Their wines are designated Chassagne-Montrachet Premier Cru + vineyard name, such as Chassagne-Montrachet Premier Cru La Maltroie, or may labelled just Chassagne-Montrachet Premier Cru, in which case it is possible to blend wine from several Premier Cru vineyards within the AOC.

In 2007, 144.97 hectares (358.2 acres) of the total Chassagne-Montrachet vineyard surface consisted of Premier Cru vineyards, of which 108.11 hectares (267.1 acres) white and 36.86 hectares (91.1 acres) red Chassagne-Montrachet Premier Cru. The annual production of Premier Cru wine, as a five-year average, is 5,520 hectoliter of white wine and 1,463 hectoliter of red wine.